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Урок 14. House and home

Рассказ на тему еды на английском языке

Урок завершен 24 марта в 16:00

Grammar: Modals of deduction

Vocabulary: Buildings

Reading: A more personal place to stay

Video: Meet the parents

Conversation skills: Imagining people’s feelings


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Modals of deduction

We can use modal verbs to show that we are making a deduction using evidence, not stating a fact:

We must be early. Nobody else has arrived yet.
They work at the same office so they may know each other.
She might not be in. The lights are all out.
That can't be Mark's car. He told me his was in the garage.

Different modal verbs tell us how sure about a deduction we are:

It's cold in that house.

Fact: I know it is.

It must be cold in that house.

Deduction: I'm sure it is.

It may / might/ could be cold in that house.

Deduction: It's possible that it is.

It may / might not be cold in that house.

Deduction: It's possible that it isn't.

It can't be cold in that house.

Deduction: I'm sure it isn't.

It isn't cold in that house.

Fact: I know it isn't.

  • The opposite of must for deductions is can't. Don't use mustn't, can or couldn't for deductions:

This bill can't be right. I only ordered a salad.
NOT This bill couldn't / mustn't be right.

There must be a mistake.
NOT There can be a mistake.

  • There is no difference between may, might and could. All three mean that something is possible.
  • To make deductions about actions happening now, use a modal + be + verb + -ing:

She isn't answering the phone. She might be listening to music.


Houses and buildings


a place where you live or stay


a room at the top of a house under the roof


a small area joined to the wall outside a room on a high level where you can stand or sit


a room or set of rooms that is below ground level in a building

block of flats

a large building that is divided into apartments


a small house in the countryside


a button that you press next to a door that makes a noise to let someone know that you are there

first floor

the level of a building directly above the ground level


a set of rooms to live in, with all the rooms on one level of a building

front door

the main entrance to a building, especially a house, usually facing the road

ground floor

the level of a building that is on the ground


the area of floor at the top of a set of stairs


a place or position


the thing that is used to close a door, window, etc., and that needs a key to open it

move house

to leave your home in order to live in a new one


an area of a town or city that people live in


a building that someone owns


to pay money to live in a building that someone else owns


​one of the surfaces that you walk on when you go up or down stairs


a flat area outside a house, restaurant, etc. where you can sit


the things that you can see from a place

Useful language

Offers, requests and asking for permission

Polite offers:

  1. A: Is there anything we can do to help?
    B: Oh no, it's all under control!
  2. A: Let me get you something else.
    B: No, it's fine, really.                    
  3. A: I'll get you a green salad.
    B: OK, that would be lovely. Thanks.

Asking for help politely:

  1. A: Do you think you could give me a hand?
    B: Sure.                                        
  2. A: Do you mind if I borrow some money?
    B: Not at all. How much do you want?
  3. A: Can I use your phone for a moment?
    B: Sure. Here it is.

Asking for permission:

  1. A: Is it OK if I just have some bread and butter?
    B: No, we can do better than that.
  2. A: May I sit here?
    B: Of course. There's plenty of space.
  3. A: Do you think I could have a glass of water?
    B: Yes, of course. Let me get you one.
  4. A: Would you mind if I opened the window?
    B: Not at all. It's hot in here.

Imagining people’s feelings

  1. A: I’m a big football fan.
    B: I expect you're excited about the match this afternoon.
  2. A: Tom’s mother is an architect.
    B: That must be very interesting!
  3. A: I'm doing three part-time jobs at the moment.
    B: You must be very tired!
  4. A: I'm going to meet my boyfriend's parents for the first time.
    B: I imagine you're a bit nervous!
  5. A: I'm planning a holiday to France.
    B: That must be exciting!
  6. A: I've just broken my tooth!
    B: That must be really painful.
  7. A: I've lost my smartphone – and I can't remember any of my friends' numbers.
    B: That must be so annoying!
  8. A: I'm learning Japanese at the moment.
    B: I imagine it’s quite difficult.

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